Geodes capture the fancy of lapidarians, rock collectors, rock hounds and everyone else who loves a pretty rock.
We've all seen beautiful geodes in shows and shops, and often made them ours. The Dugway geode pictured here is a perennial favorite with its halo of colored quartz stripes that polish beautifully to make the display piece even prettier.
WHAT MAKES A GEODE A GEODE?
|Moroccan "Potato" or "Sugar" geode|
Geodes usually start as a gas pocket in igneous or sedimentary minerals or a nodule that washes away leaving a roughly spherical space. Over time, waters and gasses passing through leave deposits of crystals that are colored by various minerals.
And while they're all unique, for the most part, each one is similar to the next. But every once in a while . . .
I like to look for the geodes that whisper stories to me like the one below. There's always something about story geodes. Often it's an inclusion whether it's simple or complex.
I left the picture large to make it easier to see the inside which at its longest inside measurement is barely one inch tall.
When I first saw it, I thought the metal-looking wedges inside were iron because of the rusty look that was descending from the opening and at the spot on the top. But (a) it's not shaped like most iron and (b) it's not magnetic. The second object looks as if it has flakes like mica, but mica comes in sheets as you may be able to see, the front object has a long triangular shape. I can't see enough of the larger one to tell if it is triangular, but there is one on the top that doesn't show in the photo which also has the triangular or wedge shape. What do you think it is? If you like sci-fi, the whole geode looks a bit like a mine on an ice planet to me.
I wish I had a picture of the most ominous geode I ever saw. It was a very large amethyst geode, about four or five feet tall. The thing that set it apart was a single long white crystal pointing into what had been the center. Once the seller had displayed the geode on a stand, the white crystal looked like it was aimed at the viewer's heart. It was scary and I wouldn't want it in my house!
The image below shows the back side of the geode slice with three hollow areas circled. Two are structures shown in the geode and the third can barely be seen in a separate geode structure above.
A geode is a natural work of art, not a rock to play "Whack-a-Mole" on! When I see someone at a show who offers to sell geodes and then hit them with a hammer, I want to take the hammer to some sensitive orb on their body. Yes, a hammer will get you into the rock, but it will be shattered into sharp-edged pieces that forfeit the story and the glory they were meant to have.
Always, always open a geode with a saw. You can probably us a hacksaw on the more fragile Moroccan geodes, or a workshop or tile saw on a geode in a vise, but the gold standard is a lapidary saw that's roughly proportional to the geode you're opening. For example, a 10" lapidary cutting saw can easily handle a geode that's up to about 4" tall. I prefer to do the cutting by hand so I can rotate the geode as I go, preserving any crystals or druzy that go more than half way through the open area.
Not every hole in a rock is a geode, vugs are both very similar and very different from geodes, and of course, there are thundereggs which aren't exactly a hole in a rock, but have similarities. But those are for another time. Come back on May 10 for a new blog by your Lapidary Whisperer. You can be sure you get it directly into your email by subscribing at the icon on the upper right corner of the blog.
Yours for Lapidary Fun,